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Purest Language Of the World

sanskrit purest language of the world

Which is the purest language of the world?

It’s a great question that is asked by every person who has some interest in linguistics and history. According to the most dominant pieces of evidence, the purest language in the world is Sanskrit. 

The criteria to define the purity is :

  • How Old is That language?
  • Was it purely generated by people’s communication or the extracted form of language?
  • Did literature, vocabulary, dictionary, and other grammatical rules ever exist and be noted?

The Purest Language Of the World

The purest language of the world is Sanskrit. Sanskrit is a South Asian classical language of the Indo-Aryan branch of Indo-European languages. It arose in South Asia when its forefather languages expanded from the northwest in the late Bronze Age. Sanskrit is Hinduism’s holy language and the language of ancient Hindu philosophy and historical Buddhist and Jain texts.

Origin Of Sanskrit

Sanskrit belongs to the Indo-European language family. It is one of the third oldest ancient documented languages, descended from a single base language known today as Proto-Indo-European.

The starting rare Vedic form of the Sanskrit language was less homogenous than Classical Sanskrit. Pāṇini composed Aṣṭādhyāyī (‘Eight-Chapter Grammar’) between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE. 

His work is considered the earliest description of Sanskrit grammar that has survived fully. In the Aṣṭādhyāyī, the language is analyzed in a way that has no parallel among Greek or Latin grammarians. Pāṇini’s comprehensive and scientific theory and grammar rules are taken to mark the start of Classical Sanskrit.

Influence Of Sanskrit On Region and Culture

Sanskrit has long been the dominant language of Hindu literature, with a rich legacy of philosophical and theological writings and poetry, music, theater, science, and technology. 

It is the principal language of one of the most comprehensive historical manuscript collections. The Ayodhya Inscription of Dhana and Ghosundi-Hathibada are among the earliest known Sanskrit inscriptions, dating from the first century BCE (Chittorgarh).

According to Frits Staal, classical Sanskrit sparked ancient Indian ideas on “the nature and purpose of language.” For their writings, the Mahsghika and Mahavastu employed a composite Sanskrit. According to Renou, several canonical pieces of the early Buddhist traditions uncovered in the twentieth century reveal the early Buddhist traditions utilized an imperfect but relatively decent Sanskrit, occasionally with Pali syntax.

Sanskrit is also the language of some of Jainism’s earliest surviving, authoritative, and widely regarded philosophical texts, such as Umaswati’s Tattvartha Sutra. A more sophisticated and polished form of Sanskrit became the chosen language of Mahayana Buddhism research; for example, one of the first and most prominent Buddhist thinkers, Nagarjuna (200 CE), wrote in Classical Sanskrit.

Who spoke the Sanskrit language?

Aryans were the first speakers of the Sanskrit language. Aryan, sometimes spelled Arya, is a moniker used by Indo-Iranians to identify themselves from the surrounding outsiders known as ‘non-Aryans’ in ancient times. 

During the Vedic period, Indo-Aryan speakers used the word rya as an endonym (self-designation) and about the site known as aryavarta (‘abode of the Aryas,’ where the Indo-Aryan civilization developed. Ancient Iranian peoples used the word airy to designate themselves as an ethnic group and refer to their fabled homeland, Airyanm Va (‘extension of the Aryas.’ 

Or stretch of the Aryas’). The stem originates from place names such as Iran (Arynm) and Alania (Aryna).

Who Wiped Out Sanskrit Language

Sanskrit began to wane around and after the 13th century. This fact corresponds with the start of Islamic conquests of South Asia to establish and expand Muslim control in the form of Sultanates and, ultimately, the Mughal Empire. Sheldon Pollock describes Sanskrit’s collapse as a long-term “cultural, social, and political shift.” 

He rejects the notion that Sanskrit deteriorated because of a “battle with barbarian invaders,” instead of emphasizing reasons such as the growing appeal of vernacular language for literary expression. 

How to learn Sanskrit

Begin by learning the sounds produced by each letter of the Sanskrit alphabet. From there, you may broaden your vocabulary and enjoy the beauty of this classical language. Saubhāgyam! (Best wishes!) Begin with the short sounds of basic vowels. In Sanskrit, there are five basic vowels.

Learn how to pronounce the vowels that form the basis for all other vowel sounds in Sanskrit, a, i, u, and ṛ. The mouth can make each short vowel longer by drawing out the pronunciation. A macron, a long bar over the letter, indicates the sound of long vowels. When you pronounce words in Sanskrit, you stop the breath at different parts of your mouth to form the consonant sounds. The airflow through the mouth is continuous, as with vowels, but it is lessened.

The Sanskrit alphabet is organized logically with the vowels first, then consonants, and then the semivowels. Stop air with the middle of the tongue for hard palate consonants. Bend your tongue backward to pronounce retroflex consonants, which are sounds that don’t appear in English. Touch your tongue to the base of your teeth for tooth consonants and Make the sound of the ‘th’ in the English word “thumb.”

Evidence of Sanskrit

An inscription written in Brahmi script from the second century CE is the oldest archaeological evidence of Sanskrit. However, the earliest inscription discovered in India is in Pali and dates from 250 BCE. This script is also written in Brahmi. As a result, there is no archaeological evidence that Sanskrit is older than the second century CE.

Hindu Scriptures

Hindu Scriptures, often known as Ancient Sanskrit literature, is divided into six orthodox and four secular categories. 

The Hindus’ authorized texts are composed of the six orthodox parts. 

(i) Srutis

(ii) Smritis

(iii) Itihasas

(iv) Puranas

(v) Agamas 

(vi) Darsanas are the six scriptures.

The four secular divisions represent the subsequent advancements in classical Sanskrit literature.

(i) Subhashitas 

(ii) Kavyas, 

(iii) Natakas

(iv) Alankaras are the four secular literature.

The Srutis are also known as the Vedas or the Amaya. These are the primary Hindu texts. The Hindus got their religion through revelation in the form of the Vedas. These direct intuitive discoveries are said to be Apaurusheya or fully superhuman, with no originator. The Veda is the Hindus’, no, the entire world’s beautiful pride!

The name Veda is derived from the root vid, which means “to know.” Veda is a Sanskrit term that signifies “knowledge.” It denotes a book of information when applied to scripture. The Vedas are the Hindus’ fundamental scriptures. The Veda is the wellspring of the other five sets of scriptures, including secular and materialistic texts.

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